At its most basic level, an oral surgery procedure (OS) refers to an oral procedure that’s performed on an individual’s mouth or a group of teeth to help promote and improve oral health. Oral surgeries that fall under the category of oropharyngeal (or oropharyngeal) surgery are performed to prevent bone loss (osteoporosis) and to improve oral and dental health.
An example of an oral surgery procedure includes the techniques of dentofacial-bypass surgery, which is done to remove loose or stuck teeth; porcelain veneers, which are applied over the patient’s teeth to enhance the appearance and function of his or her teeth; cryosurgery, which is used to treat certain types of cancer; or cuspidectomy, which is used to remove extra, protruding teeth. These procedures are performed to correct missing or misaligned teeth, clean incisors, reduce gum inflammation, enhance dental function, cure gum problems, treat cleft palate, correct difficulty swallowing, and fill teeth.
Anesthesia plays a significant role in the oropharyngeal surgery. Typically, patients will experience anesthesia in the upper portion of the mouth, when surgery is done to remove loose or stuck teeth, to improve oral hygiene, to treat malocclusion (lack of normal teeth), or to replace teeth. Anesthetic will be delivered by sedation during the procedure.
While some people tend to have a lot of complications after oral surgery, others don’t. Some complications can be due to complications arising from the specific oral surgery procedure. Also, depending on the type of surgery performed, complications are possible but unlikely.
The two major types of dental surgery procedures are those performed on patients who suffer from gum disease and those performed on patients who have bad teeth. These dental surgeries are performed to fix gum infections, to replace rotten teeth, to treat misaligned teeth, and to fix crooked teeth.
In the case of gingivitis (gum infection), porcelain veneers are used to replace damaged or decayed teeth. They are placed on the teeth that need repairs or maintenance. In the case of teeth that are missing, implants are usually used to replace missing teeth.
Patients who have decayed teeth can undergo tooth replacements. Teeth that are removed or permanently lost can be replaced by gum tissue. In the case of salivary reconstructive surgery, patients can get rid of crooked teeth or replace them with a form of dental implant.
In the case of a tongue, dental implant is a way to straighten a crooked or missing tongue. Implants also can be used to get rid of decayed or cracked teeth.
Oral surgery procedures that are not related to gum or teeth problems can be performed to correct difficulties in swallowing. These include refractory drinking problems, decayed or rotting teeth, flat tooth crowns, hypertrophic teeth, and misplaced teeth.
If you’ve had problems with your gum and need to have dental implants, you can choose an oral surgery procedure to get your teeth restored. They can be used to replace lost teeth or fix damaged or decayed teeth. You can also choose to get a denture for the restoration of your teeth.
The list of oral surgery procedures is pretty long, and not all procedures are used for a wide variety of reasons. A wide variety of problems can be treated with oral surgery, and it’s important to talk to your dentist about the type of procedure you need.